The Lenches WW1 Archive
This page will contain the archive of information, photos and stories that are gathered by the 14-18 Group.
Our thinking about the best way to store and display this information is in evolution, and we would suggest that you also refer to the other links in the WW1 section of The Lenches' website. Please check back regularly because we expect the content to grow significantly.
If you have any items related to WW1 or to the general time period, and ideally with either a modern or historic link to The Lenches, please get in touch. We would love to see your items and hear any stories you may know about them with a view to it enriching the archive.
DAVID AND JEAN LEE
Harvington resident David Lee’s uncle Christopher Yoeman, his mother's brother, served as a Private in the 10th Bn, Cheshire Regiment. Christopher died of his wounds at the age of 20 on the 18th April 1918. He was wounded in the jaw and was sent to a casualty clearing station, from where he sent a card home to notify his family that he was slightly injured. It is likely that a modern soldier suffering from similar wounds would recover; however, his wounds probably became infected, and he died. There were no antibiotics in 1918. David relates that it is believed the Germans may have dipped their bullets into excrement, which may explain why Christopher’s wound would have become infected so quickly.
David's wife Jean’s uncle Thomas Crumpton, who was born in King's Norton, WORCS, served as a Private in the Worcester Regiment, 49th Bn. Machine Gun Corps (Inf). Thomas died on the 14th April 1918, only four days before David's uncle Christopher.
Rous Lench resident Ann Wilde’s father, Private Frederic Thomas Wilson, enlisted in the I/6th Battalion Manchester Regt (Territorial Force) on 26th January 1914. He spent the first months of the war in Alexandria and Cairo and saw no action. Around May 1915, and somewhat to his relief, he was deployed to Gallipoli. There, he was soon sent to fight in the front line trenches, where he witnessed the death of many of his friends and arguably only survived himself due to a shrapnel wound for which he was sent to hospital. The trencher was used by Private Wilson at Gallipoli and is the one referred to in his article “A Boy at Gallipoli”. He used it to dig trenches and also to help protect himself from enemy fire and shrapnel.
ARTHUR AND BARRY COTTRILL
Rous Lench residents Arthur and Barry Cottrill’s grandfather George Mills served in the Royal Field Artillery Worcestershire Regiment from the age of 18 when he joined on 11th August 1899. He went to South Africa that same year, where he saw action in 1903 and 1904 and also spent time in India from where Arthur believes the group picture of him and other uniformed troops was taken.
George Mills was a time-expired man at the outbreak of WW1, but in October 1914, he joined his old regiment, relinquishing a promising business as a market gardener and carrier. He and his wife Rosetta lived with their three children, Reginald, Rosetta Miriam, and Erica, at Chafecote in Rous Lench. He went to France to fight in 1915, returning for a home visit in February 1916.
On 14 July 1917, George Mills was returning to the battery with the ration cart when a shell struck the road, inflicting injuries from which he died on the way to the hospital. He had attained the rank of Battery Quarter Master Sergeant. Mrs Mills received a letter from Major Square, with whom George had served since the formation of the battery, expressing deepest regret at the death of her husband whose virtues he extolled, stating that he was “respected and liked by all ranks”.
George Mills widow Rosetta was left in difficult financial circumstances following the death of her husband and was forced to sell much of the land that her family had acquired in order to provide for herself and her children. Arthur Cottrill was raised by his grandmother and is able to attest to how hard she worked, but also to how much friends and neighbours from the village and surrounding areas helped by providing food and other needed items. Rosetta never remarried, and neither she nor anyone else ever discussed George and his experiences, thereby leaving virtually no surviving anecdotal stories about him.
Church Lench resident Dave Burns shared the following collection in regard to his grandfather George Armstrong Burns who served in WW1. George was Dave's father's father.
George was born on 4 April 1886 in Co.Durham. He came from five generations of coal miners and became a coal miner himself, aged 12.
He married in 1907 and fathered eight children by the time he joined the Royal Navy Balloon Corps on 29 June 1917, where he was towed behind a destroyer in an observation balloon looking for U boats. He was transferred to the RAF on 31 March 1918 (he would have been one of the first serving RAF ranks as that was the date it was formed).
He was transferred to the Royal Marine Labour Corps on 10 April 1919 and served in France until discharged on 29 November 1919, when the Corps was disbanded. He returned from France and fathered a further five children, one of whom was Dave's father.
George was unusual in that he served in all three branches of the armed services between 1917 and 1919.
About 10% of the total troops were used for the labour battalions carrying out essential tasks such as maintaining trains and roads, unloading and transporting supplies and ammunition. In most cases, they worked within range of enemy artillery. In addition, there were many imported labourers from China and India.
George was also a Pub Fighter when a younger man at home. In the North East, these were bare-knuckle fights for money between Pub Champions. Dave recalls the winner got five shillings. Having so many kids to provide for was an incentive, so sometimes, George fought two at a time. It seems he was pretty good at it. This was possibly the period's alternative to TV!
George Armstrong Burns died in 1958.
William Henry Clotheir was Rous Lench resident Fran Herdman’s great-uncle on her mother’s side.
He was a Bombardier in the Royal Artillery Garrison and was killed in action at the Battle of Ypres on 24th July 1917 and is buried in the military cemetery at Ypres.
He was born in 1886 in Whitstable, Kent. His father was a mariner, as were most of his family. William however, was destined for higher things, and he gained a place at King’s College Newcastle upon Tyne University in 1904-5. As a consequence, the whole family (he had 3 brothers and 1 sister) moved north to Whitley Bay so that William could study.
After graduating, he took up a position as a schoolteacher at the then brand new Rockcliffe Junior School in Whitley Bay. Fran’s mother, uncle, brother, sister and her also attended the same school later on, which is a nice link to their ancestor.
The 1911 census shows William as living at 18 Warkworth Avenue Whitley Bay which was actually next door to the family home, so it looks like there wasn't enough room and William, as the eldest and presumably the only one with a job, lodged next door.
Little else is known of William except that he became headteacher of Belford Presbyterian School in Belford Northumberland and married Annie Hope in 1914. He joined the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1915, so they had a very short married life together and did not have any children. Annie went on to become headteacher at the same school following William’s death, and she died a widow in 1961.
A bombardier was a full commissioned rank junior to a corporal. The Royal Artillery Garrison was armed with heavy, large calibre guns and howitzers and was positioned behind the front line, so William must certainly have seen a lot of action. The Battle of Ypres took place between July and November 1917 for control of the ridge south and east of the Belgian city of Ypres.
Lenches resident Jude Ranasinghe had two Great Uncle's who served in WW1: Harry Phillip Saffell and Frank Saffell. They were his Grandmother's brothers and were from Stratford in the East End of London.
Harry Phillip Saffell served as a Driver in B Battery 159th Brigade Royal Field Artillery and was killed in action at the age of 24 on 24th October 1917 in the battle of Ypres. He was an artilleryman and would have been quite familiar with the types of guns shown in the photos: an 18-pounder QF gun mark 1 and a 4.5-inch QF howitzer that could fire a 35-pound shell to 6,600 yards.
Frank Saffell served as a signalman on the HMS Chester, which saw significant action in the Battle of Jutland Bank. He witnessed the death and severe wounding of many sailors standing near him on the ship but was one of the fortunate who survived that battle and the war. Britain's losses of men and ships in the Battle of Jutland were about twice that of the Germans; however, it put the German navy out of action for the rest of the war and contributed significantly to final victory. Frank worked as a postman after the war but again saw naval action as a merchant seaman in WW2, which he also survived.
Below is an account from Sylvia Morris about brothers Henry J Hemming, Philip Raymond Collins & Corporal Thomas Lloyd Roper of whom she is a distant relative.
Until recently I did not know I had any relations who died in WW1. I knew of two who had died as a result of their service in the army, a great uncle on my father’s side and my mother’s father. But I’ve recently found three young men who all fell in 1917, and all were part of the Worcestershire Regiment. In each case, a memorial of some sort is held in the village parish church, and it’s been wonderful to be able to enter these ancient buildings after a long period when buildings have been locked down.
The first memorial is the one I had already heard of: in St Peter’s Church, Abbots Morton, is a memorial to the only inhabitant of the village who was a casualty. Philip Raymond Collins fell on 25 January 1917. He had been born at nearby Radford, and brought up at the Brickworks run by his mother and older brothers. Philip’s father James had died just months before his birth, in 1884. Philip was a carter, probably transporting bricks, coal or raw materials for brickmaking. In 1913 he married Julia Reynolds, from Plumstead in Kent. After their marriage the couple set up home in Abbots Morton. Soon afterwards WW1 began and in 1916 Philip was called up. He became Private 30830 of the 9th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment.
The Battalion were sent to Mesopotamia (Iraq) to help capture the town of Kut from the Turks. During the autumn of 1916 little fighting took place but it started more earnestly at the end of November. By January British forces were dug into trenches and on 25 January 1917 an attack was led. The Turks returned the attack as the Worcesters fell back and shelling was heavy. At some point in this battel Philip Collins was killed, and was buried in Amara Military Cemetery.
After his death, his wife Julia moved back to Plumstead. In 1919 she married a Mr Ford. I had found information about the family history but am indebted to a piece from The Bulletin Board 2012 that is displayed in the Church next to the memorial for the detail of the Regiment and the battle.
The second is Henry J Hemming, one of three young men named on the war memorial in the Church of St Peter, Rous Lench. Henry Hemming also came from Radford, and joined the army at the outbreak of war. He joined the 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment as a Private, no. 13660. He was sent to the Dardenelles, where he was wounded three times, became ill, and was invalided home in December 1915. But in May 1916 he became Philip Collins’ brother in law by marrying Ada Collins, Philip’s elder sister. Both were well-known locally, especially Ada who played the organ at Abbots Morton Church and taught in the village school at Flyford Flavell. There is a lovely description of their wedding at Rous Lench in the local paper, that lists all the presents given to the happy couple including a gift from Mr and Mrs P Collins. Ada was 35 when they married, he only 21. He must have recovered sufficiently to return to the front line. He took part in the 3rd Battle of Ypres which began on 31 July 1917. This was one of the worst battles of World War 1, with almost constant rain creating deep mud everywhere. Henry was killed in action on 10 August 1917, soon after the beginning of this three-month battle during which over 76,000 British and Commonwealth soldiers died. He is buried in Belgium, mentioned on the Ypres (Main Gate) Memorial.
He had been married just 15 months. The community of Rous Lench and Abbots Morton must have been greatly saddened by his death. And the mother of Ada and Philip, Emily Collins, my great-great aunt, had within 7 months, lost both a son and son in law.
The third one is Corporal Thomas Lloyd Roper, who came from the village of Whitbourne just over the border in Herefordshire. He’s one of the large Roper family who lived in the area. Lavinia Roper married my great-uncle Frank Harriss, and George Ernest Roper, Lavinia’s cousin, married Frank’s sister Sarah Harriss. George, and his cousin Thomas, Lavinia’s brother, moved to Blackpool around 1900. Thomas Lloyd Roper was his eldest son, born in Whitbourne, who moved to Blackpool with the rest of his family before returning to spend several years aged between 6 and 9 at Whitbourne village school, then returned to Blackpool. In 1911 he was described as a Messenger Lad. Tom served as a Corporal with the 1st Queens Own Worcestershire Hussars in Iraq. His number was 325529. The note in the church, and the official records, say he died in September 1916 and is named on a memorial near Baghdad. But a newspaper report published in a Blackpool paper at the end of March 1917 tells a different story. Lance-Corporal T.L.Roper died March 1917 in Turkey. He was wounded and taken prisoner in an engagement with the Senussi Arabs at Katid, Egypt, on Easter Sunday 1916. This was a ferocious battle in which there were many casualties. He was reported missing (accounting for the mistake in proclaiming him dead). But at some point his mother received letters from him telling her he was a prisoner in Turkey. Then in March 1917 she got the awful news from the War Office that he had died of wounds. A folder in the Church of St John the Baptist in Whitbourne gives some of the details and a plaque in the church lists the names of boys educated at the village school who died in WW1.
So Mrs Roper received news of his death in mid-1916, had her hopes revived by his letters, then had them cruelly dashed in March 1917.
Sylvia Morris - firstname.lastname@example.org